Bolton is the most populated community in the town of Caledon, located in the Region of Peel, approximately 50 kilometres north-west of Toronto, in Ontario, Canada. In regional documents, it is referred to as a ‘Rural Service Centre’. It has a population of 26,478 residents in 8,721 households. Bolton is a subdued town, that has many defining features, such as its small town charm, or the flowing Humber River that travels through the downtown. The downtown of Bolton has been revived since the late 1990s, and has become a bustling part of the community.
The village was founded by James Bolton,(who has a school dedicated to him), who created a mill on the Humber River in the valley of Bolton. The recreation areas are to the northwest and the southeast. There are two 400-Series highways nearby, including the 427, about 15 km southeast (by Highway 7), and the 400, about 14 km east (exit at King Road). It is located about 50 km NW of downtown Toronto via the superhighway (Highway 427), about 20 km northeast of downtown Brampton, Ontario, about 80 km northeast of Hamilton, about 100 km NE of Kitchener, about 75 km south of Barrie and southeast of Orangeville.
The town, formally known as Bolton’s Mill, was founded in 1794 when James Bolton helped build a flour mill for his relative George Bolton.
The suburban housing developments began in the southern area, near King Street, up to 15th Sideroad of Albion (now known as Bolton Heights Road). The urban area did not expand until the late 1970s and early 1980s, which also led to development of an industrial area in the southwest. The urban area up to Columbia Way – the northern boundary – began booming in the late 1980s. Housing developments continued towards the southern and the western parts of the town about 1 km northwest of the heart of town in the 1990s and the 15th Sideroad in about 1995, especially to the north. The industrial area even began adding buildings to the southwest up to Simpson. The urban areas merged with the southern part in 2000 and the northwest.
Housing developments are becoming more rare, as the town of Caledon tries to contain the growth of Bolton in Caledon’s ward 5.